Hydrogen Explosion in Battery Compartment of Dinner Cruise Boat

Lesson learned

First responders were dispatched to the waterfront area to investigate a possible explosion on an 85-foot dinner cruise boat that was moored there. Upon arrival, the incident commander noted that nothing out of the ordinary was visible on the exterior of the boat. A crew was sent to the interior of the boat to investigate. The boat was powered by diesel engines and there were no compressed gas cylinders on board.

After further investigation, it became apparent that the explosion had come from the battery compartment in the hull of the boat. The responders concluded that one of the batteries had been giving off hydrogen gas, which gradually built up inside the compartment. Since the compartment was not vented, the gas had nowhere to go. It found an ignition source (possibly a battery charger) and exploded.

The blast warped metal in the battery compartment, buckled some of the decking around the compartment, and shattered some windows (see photos). Luckily no one was on board during the explosion, so there were no injuries.

Incident Date – Jan 05, 2011

Setting – Passenger ship

Equipment – Batteries and Related Equipment – Batteries

Damage and Injuries – Property Damage

Probable Cause – Flammable Mixture in Confined Area – Inadequate Venting Design

When Incident Discovered – During Inspection

Lessons learned:

During charging, most batteries will offgas hydrogen, making adequate ventilation and the elimination of ignition sources critical attributes of the charging area. Data from the battery manufacturer should be consulted to determine appropriate ventilation requirements for the specific battery being used.

In the future, the battery compartment on the boat will be ventilated to prevent another incident from occurring.

Source: h2tools.org

Big or small – situation is always the same. Ex compliance shall be maintained.

Keep up good work!




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