Throughout any inspection campaign non-compliant issues are going to be found. Here are some common issues we have found whilst conducting inspections on flameproof equipment.
• Documentation missing or incorrect
• Certificate of Conformity not read
• Incorrect Group for hazardous area classification
• Incorrect Ambient Temperature range for local ambient temperature (and Temperature Classification not derated to allow operation at higher ambient temperatures)
• Incorrect Temperature Classification for hazardous area classification
• Incorrect Zone – Zones 1 and 2 only
• Missing enclosure bolts
• Enclosure bolts replaced with ones made of different materials, having different threads or tensile strengths – or there are different bolts on the same enclosure
• Corrosion or damage to flamepath or the equipment
• Enclosure covered opened with screwdrivers
• Incorrect or missing certification and identification labels
• Incorrect equipotential bonding and/or no earthing
• Painting over of breathers / vents / flame paths
• Cable glands and stopping plugs not appropriate
• Excessive quantity or wrong type of tape used to protect the flame path
• Breathing devices and drains uncertified
• Equipment installed with flamepath too close to an obstruction – Closer than these distances: IIA = 10mm; IIB = 30 mm; IIC = 40mm
• Incorrect grease used (check with client – they may have a preferred type: e.g. Dow Corning Compound 4)
• Cable damage
• Evidence of internal ignition
• Damaged window or terminal compartment
• Uncertified or incorrectly certified enclosures/equipment installed in the hazardous area and no Conformity Assessment Document
• Component certified enclosure has been installed with equipment installed within it, and no Fitness for Purpose or other report has been raised
• Unauthorized modification
• Flange flamepath too close, if you don t precise flange.. guys will punch threaded or cylindrical flamepath. I would also add : overloaded boxes : people often forget they have to respect Tclass/dissipated power.. they forget also basics like NPT accessories for NPT entries and ISO accessories for ISO entries…
• Used incorrect IP washer (fiber) between the Ex d encloser and cable gland in outdoor. Corrosion damage!
• Clearances (current transformers connection box, especially) experiences on Standards, un-proper IP testing and termal endurance testing, loose cable connection such as. There can be pages precaution depending on environment and application
• Migration of gas by using the incorrect cable-type and cable length
• Certificate of cable-gland doesn’t comply with certification of equipment
What others can you think of?
Source: https://www.haspecialists.com.au/blog/typical-problems-encountered-during-ex-d-inspections/ with few addings
Keep up good work!